Orinoquia

Orinoquia, Volumen 22, Número 1, p. 80-91, 2018. ISSN electrónico 2011-2629. ISSN impreso 0121-3709.

Determinación, diferenciación sexual y pubertad en peces

Sex Determination, Sex Differentiation and Puberty in Fish

Determinação, Diferenciação Sexual e Puberada em Peixes

José A. Rodríguez-Pulido, Tatiana María Mira-López, Pablo E. Cruz- Casallas

Texto completo:


Resumen (es)

En piscicultura es de gran utilidad conocer los procesos de determinación sexual y los mecanismos que permiten la diferenciación sexual, así como el momento en el cual se alcanza la madurez y los individuos son capaces de reproducirse. Estos tres procesos son muy flexibles en peces y no solo dependen de diferentes cascadas de genes, si no que algunos factores ambientales son condicionantes o desencadenantes de ellos. En consecuencia, esta revisión pretende dar una mirada a los últimos avances sobre el tema, particularmente las interpretaciones científicas de los eventos de maduración sexual y sus mecanismos reguladores.

Palabras clave (es)

Reproducción; asignación de sexos; madurez reproductiva; evolución; fisiología

Resumen (en)

In fish farming is useful to know the processes of sex determination and mechanisms that allow differentiation and the time in which maturation is reached and specimens are able to reproduce, these three processes are very flexible in specimens and not just rely different cascades of genes if some environmental factors are conditions or triggers them. So this review aims to take a look at the latest articles on the subject, scientific interpretations of the events of sexual maturation and their regulatory mechanisms, and review the management of his control.

Palabras clave (en)

Reproduction; sex allocation; reproductive maturity; evolution; physiology

Resumen (pt)

Na piscicultura, é muito útil conhecer os processos de determinação sexual e os mecanismos que permitem a diferenciação sexual, assim como o momento em que a maturidade é alcançada e os indivíduos são capazes de se reproduzir. Esses três processos são muito flexíveis em peixes e não dependem apenas de diferentes cascatas de genes, mas alguns fatores ambientais condicionam ou acionam esses genes. Consequentemente, esta revisão pretende dar uma olhada nos últimos desenvolvimentos sobre o assunto, particularmente as interpretações científicas dos eventos de maturação sexual e seus mecanismos regulatórios.

Palabras clave (pt)

Reprodução; atribuição sexual; maturidade reprodutiva; evolução; fisiologia

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