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Orinoquia, Volumen 23, Número 2, 2019. ISSN electrónico 2011-2629. ISSN impreso 0121-3709.

Evaluación del estado metabólico, el peso vivo y la condición corporal durante la gestación en vacas de carne en la Altillanura Colombiana

Evaluation of the metabolic status, live weight and body condition during pregnancy in beef in the Colombian Altillanura cows.

Avaliação do estado metabólico, peso vivo e condição corporal durante a gestação em vacas de corte no Altillanura Colombiana

Gerardo Lopez-García, Agustin Gongora-Orjuela, Félix Díaz-González, Adriana Rojas-Rodríguez

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Resumen (es)

El objetivo de este estudio, fue conocer los valores promedios de diferentes metabolitos, la variación del peso vivo (PV) y la condición corporal (CC) en vacas Cebú (C) y Simmental x Cebú (SC) bajo pastoreo extensivo en una finca de la Altillanura Colombiana. Se utilizaron 19 vacas multíparas y durante cada trimestre de la gestación, se evaluaron los niveles de Glucosa (Glu), Colesterol (Col), Proteína totales (Ptt), Albúmina (Alb), Globulinas (Glo), Hemoglobina (Hb), Hematocrito (Hto), Nitrógeno en sangre (BUN), Cobre (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Calcio (Ca), Magnesio (Mg), Fósforo (P), y Aspartato aminotransferasa (AST). Los niveles de Glu, Hb, Hto, BUN, Ca, presentaron variaciones significativas durante los trimestre evaluados (P<0,05), con deficiencias de Cu y Zn. El PV y la CC presentaron una relación lineal en función del avance de la gestación. Se reconoce la importancia de los perfiles metabólicos (PM) como una herramienta para identificar los posibles imbalances nutricionales y la manera de corregir las deficiencias, con el propósito de hacer mas eficiente el sistema productivo.

Palabras clave (es)

bioquímica sanguínea; condición corporal; minerales; producción bovina; vacas gestantes

Resumen (en)

The objective of this study was to know the average values of different metabolites, the variation of live weight (LW) and body condition (CC) in Cebu (C) and Simmental x Cebu (SC) cows under extensive grazing in a farm of the Colombian Altillanura. We used 19 multiparous cows and during each trimester of pregnancy, we evaluated the levels of Glucose (Glu), Cholesterol (Col), Total Protein (Ptt), Albumin (Alb), Globulins (Glo), Hemoglobin (Hb), Hematocrit (Hto), Nitrogen in blood (BUN), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), Phosphorus (P), and Aspartate aminotransferase (AST). The levels of Glu, Hb, Hto, BUN, Ca presented significant variations during the quarter evaluated (P <0.05), with deficiencies of Cu and Zn. The PV and CC presented a linear relationship based on the progress of pregnancy. The importance of metabolic profiles (PM) is recognized as a tool to identify possible nutritional imbalances and how to correct deficiencies, in order to make the productive system more efficient.

Palabras clave (en)

blood chemistry; body condition; minerals; cattle production; pregnant cows

Resumen (pt)

O objetivo deste estudo foi conhecer os valores médios dos diferentes metabólitos, a variação do peso vivo (PV) e a condição corporal (CC) em vacas Cebu (C) e Simmental x Cebu (SC) sob pastejo intenso numa fazenda da Altillanura colombiana. Foram utilizadas 19 vacas multíparas e, durante cada trimestre da gestação, foram avaliados os níveis de glicose (Glu), colesterol (Col), proteína total (Ptt), albumina (Alb), globulinas (Glo), hemoglobina (Hb) e hematócrito (Hto), nitrogênio sanguíneo (BUN), cobre (Cu), zinco (Zn), cálcio (Ca), magnésio (Mg), fósforo (P) e aspartato aminotransferase (AST). Os níveis de Glu, Hb, Hto, BUN, Ca apresentaram variações significativas durante os trimestres avaliados (P <0,05), com deficiências de Cu e Zn. O PV e o CC apresentaram uma relação linear com o progresso da gravidez. A importância dos perfis metabólicos (MP) é reconhecida como uma ferramenta para identificar possíveis desequilíbrios nutricionais e como corrigir deficiências, a fim de tornar o sistema de produção mais eficiente.

Palabras clave (pt)

bioquímica sanguínea; condição corporal; minerais; produção bovina; vacas grávidas

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